|Gyotaku Print - Leaf Skeletons - Cottonwood, Populus deltoides |
Eric Hochberg, 1985
Thinking the ambient
On the possibility of shizengaku (naturing science)
by Augustin BERQUE
1. Subject, nature, and Japanese language
It is generally assumed that one of the main ingredients of the modern Western paradigm was science as instituted by the scientific revolution of the XVIIth century; that is, as founded on the will to objectify phenomena, measure these objects and ascertain their laws through experimentation. This supposed an ontological stance, called dualism, in which the object is essentially distinguished from the subject who observes it. The institution of the modern subject was thus correlative to the institution of the modern object. A telling image of this essential distinction was given by the discovery and implementation of the laws of linear perspective, which placed the observer’s eye outside and back of the picture, converting the scene represented by the latter into a strictly measurable object (PANOFSKY 1927).